Tooling | A colossus at the centre of the Tokamak pit

An imposing tool will rise next year in the centre of the Tokamak pit, formed from a trunk-like central column and nine radial beams. During in-pit assembly operations, it will support, align, and stabilize the vacuum vessel sub-assemblies as they are joined and welded. Together with the giant sector sub-assembly tools (SSATs) and the upending tool, the in-pit assembly tool is the third major purpose-built tool supplied by ITER Korea for activities related to the assembly, including in-field joints, of the vacuum vessel sectors. The three tools are closely associated:

  • The upending tool is used to raise vacuum vessel sectors from their horizontal delivery configuration to vertical.
  • After each "upending" operation, a radial beam is removed from the in-pit column tool and transported by overhead crane to connect to the sector in its vertical orientation.
  • The radial beam, suspending its load, is transported to one of the SSAT tools, where it continues to support the weight of the sector as a pair of toroidal field coils and thermal shield panels are rotated inward and attached.
  • The completed sector sub-assembly—composed of the vacuum vessel sector (still suspended from its radial beam), two toroidal field coils and thermal shielding—is transported by overhead crane through a purpose-built "sector lifting tool" to the Tokamak Pit.
  • During alignment and welding activities, the weight of the sector continues to be supported by the radial beam while the coils and thermal shield are braced from below by gravity supports installed on the cryostat base.

The same procedure is repeated nine times, for nine vacuum vessel sectors. Virtual axis and vertical access The central column—25 metres tall, 5 metres in diameter—is anchored directly to the Tokamak Complex basemat through an opening in the cryostat base, while the radial beams are supported by the central column on one side and the concrete bioshield on the other through brackets embedded in the L2 level of the bioshield wall. The tool is designed to support a total nominal weight of 5,400 tonnes. In addition to its weight-bearing role, the central column of the tool will also provide a physical reference of the machine axis, by which all toroidal field coils can be adjusted precisely. "In the Tokamak pit, there will be pre-established datum for sector assembly and corresponding virtual axis to which the central column will be aligned," explains Hyung Yeol Yung, who leads the Assembly Support Section. "The central column then becomes a good reference to provide the virtual axis for the alignment of the toroidal field coils, through a number of 'fiducial points' mounted on the central column. When toroidal field coil assembly has been achieved, a new datum and virtual axis will be re-defined for the other superconducting coils, which will be mounted on toroidal field coil structure." Vacuum vessel adjustment and alignment units—located on the radial beams—will allow operators to align the position of each sector for in-pit welding, and align the sectors against the toroidal field coils. Finally, the central column will provide contractor access to assembly activities in an extremely crowded in-pit environment. Although strengthened by interior ribs at regular intervals, the interior of the column is essentially hollow, and will be equipped with interior ladders, traps and staging at four levels. Manufacturing on the in-pit assembly tool is progressing now in Korea at Yujin Machinery in Changwon and factory acceptance tests are scheduled for November. If all goes as planned, the tool will reach ITER before the end of the year. Tool assembly will begin after the installation of the cryostat base in the Tokamak pit next spring. Following the assembly of the central column, a comprehensive metrological survey will be performed to measure the as-built position before reception of the first vacuum vessel sub-assembly.